In the State of Maryland, there are two broad categories of firearms: non-regulated and regulated. Non-regulated firearms include most rifles and shotguns, while regulated firearms include most handguns and revolvers and require a Handgun Qualification License (HQL). Our team will guide you through the process of purchasing both a non-regulated and regulated firearm while abiding by Federal and Maryland State regulation.
Documentation/License Requirements to Purchase/Transfer a Firearm:
*Must be Presented to Dealer!*
-If purchasing a Regulated Firearm (Electronically) - Your Application Number and Unique PIN
-Maryland Handgun Qualification License (HQL) or HQL Exemption Documentation
-Valid Driver's License or State Issued ID
-Change of Address Card (If Applicable)
-Military or Police ID & Orders (If Applicable)
-Maryland Concealed Handgun Permit (If Applicable)
Non-Regulated Firearm Sale:
A non-regulated firearm sale will forgo the Maryland State Police background check and 7-day waiting period. Instead, one must complete a single form (ATF 4473) and must pass a NICS (instant) background check during the time of purchase (made by phone). One we are allowed to proceed (usually the same day), you may leave the store with your new purchase.
Regulated Firearm Sale:
Unless exempt, one must possess a valid Handgun Qualification License (HQL), issued by the Maryland State Police to purchase, rent or receive a regulated firearm. One must also complete a MSP 77R ELECTRONIC Application and Affidavit and a single form (ATF 4473). After Application submission to MSP, there is a 7-day waiting period before you may take possession of the firearm being purchased.
*Effective 1/1/2017, the paper 77R Application and Affidavit to purchase a regulated firearm will no longer be accepted. MSP will now be accepting the 77R-E, an ELECTRONIC Application and Affidavit to purchase a regulated firearm, which can only be completed via MSP's ONLINE Licensing Portal.
At MSAR, we have added 3 computer systems to our lobby which are available to those using the online Licensing Portal to purchase a regulated firearm. However, if you would like to use the Licensing Portal at home, please refer to the following instructions:
Prior to purchasing a regulated firearm and beginning your 77R-E Application, you must create an account on the MSP Licensing Portal using a valid email address ---> licensingportal.mdsp.maryland.gov Once you have created your account, you will be able to login to start your Application to purchase a regulated firearm. Upon submission of your Application, you will receive a confirmation email containing your Application Number and Unique PIN Number. *You must bring both of these items to the dealer (MSAR) to complete the application process. During the time of purchase, we (the dealer) will complete our portion of your Application. Before final submission to MSP, you must pay a $10.00 application fee to the State via Credit/Debit Card ONLY.
After Application submission to MSP, there is a 7-day waiting period before you may take possession of the firearm being purchased. During this waiting period, the MSP Licensing Division will perform a series of background checks to determine your final disposition. On the 8th day after your Application has been submitted, you will receive an email notifying you of your final disposition. If the notification email states your final disposition is NOT DISSAPROVED, you may return to the dealer (MSAR) to take possession of your weapon. Again, your must bring your Application Number and Unique PIN in order for the dealer to complete the transaction.